ECE1101 Electrical Circuit I Credit Hours: 3.0
Circuit variables and elements, Basic laws;
Simple resistive circuits; Techniques of circuit analysis; Network theorems; Energy storage elements; Responses of RL and RC circuits; Magnetic quantities and variables; Laws in magnetic circuits; Magnetic circuits.
ECE1102 Electrical Circuit I Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE1101. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE1101.
ECE1200 Electrical Services Design Credit Hours : 1.5
Wiring system design, drafting, and estimation. Design for illumination and lighting. Electrical installations system design: substation, BBT and protection, air-conditioning, heating and lifts. Design for intercom, public address systems, telephone system and LAN. Design of security systems including CCTV, fire alarm, smoke detector, burglar alarm and sprinkler system. A design problem on a multi-storied building.
ECE1201 Electrical Circuit II Credit Hours: 3.0
Sinusoidal functions: Instantaneous current, voltage, power, effective current and voltage, average power, phasors and complex quantities, impedance, real and reactive power, power factor. Analysis of single phase AC circuits: Series and parallel RL, RC and RLC circuits, nodal and mesh analysis, application of network theorems in AC circuits, circuits with non-sinusoidal excitations, transients in AC circuits, passive filters. Resonance in AC circuits: Series and parallel resonance, Magnetically coupled circuits. Analysis of three phase circuits: Three phase supply, balanced and unbalanced circuits, and power calculation.
ECE1202 Electrical Circuit I Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE1201. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE1201.
ECE2100 Electrical Circuit Simulation Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of Computer based simulation and modeling based on theory course Electrical Circuit I and II. Students will verify the theoretical concepts using simulation software like PSpice and Matlab.
ECE2101 Electronics I Credit Hours: 3.0
P-N junction as a circuit element; Diode circuits; Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a circuit element; BJT amplifier circuits; Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) as circuit element; Junction Field-Effect-Transistor (JFET); Differential and multistage amplifiers.
ECE2102 Electronics I Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE2101. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE2101
ECE2103 Information Theory and Error Coding Credit Hours: 3.00
Measuring Information, Modeling of an Information Source, Axiomatic definition of Entropy, Property of the Entropy Joint Entropy, Relative Entropy and Mutual Information, Joint and Conditional Entropy, Joint Entropy, Conditional entropy, Relative Entropy and Mutual Information, Relative Entropy, Mutual Information. Sources with Memory, Markov Chain, Characterization of Stochastic Processes, Entropy Rate, Markov Sources, Property and Source Coding, Source Coding, Memory-less Source Coding, Extension to the Sources with Memory, Data Compression, Kraft Inequality, Alternative proof of Shannon’s source coding theorem. Discrete Memory-less Channel, A Mathematical Model for the channel, Examples of discrete memory-less channels, Channel Coding, Preview of the Channel, Coding Theorem, Definitions and concepts, Channel Coding Theorem, Channel Coding in practice. Block Codes, Linear Codes, Hamming Codes, Generator Matrix, Parity-Check Matrix, Syndrome, Cyclic codes. Convolutional Encoder, Tree Representation of Convolutional Codes, Finite-State Machine Code Representation, Trellis Representation of Convolutional Codes
ECE2104 Information Theory and Error Coding Lab Credit Hours : 0.75
- Entropy computation (Joint entropy, conditional entropy, self-information and mutual information).
2.Huffman and Shanon fano source coding techniques to compress text files.
- LZW coding technique to compress text files
- Linear Block codes: Encoding and Decoding.
- Cyclic Codes: Encoding and Decoding
- Convolution coding scheme: Generation of Trellis Codes.
- Convolution decoding scheme: Viterbi decoding technique.
- Study of Reed and Solomon Codes.
ECE2201 Electronics II Credit Hours: 3.0
Frequency response of amplifiers; Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp; General purpose Op-Amp; Power Amplifiers; Active filters; Oscillators; Signal generators; Integrated Circuits.
ECE2202 Electronics II Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE2201. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE2201
ECE2203 Electromagnetic Fields and Waves Credit Hours: 3.0
Review of Vector Analysis: Scalar and vector quantity, dot and cross product, Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates. Electrostatics: Coulomb’s of magnetic field, electric field intensity, electrical flux density. Gauss’s theorem with application, electrostatic potential, boundary conditions, method of images, Laplace’s and Poisson’s equations, energy of an electrostatic system, conductor and dielectrics. Magneto-statics: Concept of magnetic field, Ampere’s Law, Biot-Savart law, vector magnetic potential, energy of magneto-static system, mechanical forces and torque’s in electric and magnetic fields, Curvilinear co-ordinates, rectangular, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates, solutions to static field problems. Graphical field mapping with applications, solution to Laplace’s equations, rectangular, cylindrical and spherical harmonics with applications.
Maxwell’s equations: Their derivations, continuity of charges, concepts of displacement current, Boundary conditions for time-varying system, Potentials used with varying charge and currents, Retarded potentials, Maxwell’s equations in different coordinate system.
Relation between circuit theory and field theory: Circuit concepts and the derivation from the field equations, High frequency circuit concepts, circuit radiation resistance, Skin effect and circuit impedance, Concept of good and perfect conductors and dielectrics, Current distribution in various types of conductors, depth of penetration, internal impedance, power loss, calculation of inductance and capacitance.
Capacitors: Parallel plate, cylindrical and spherical, mica and electrolytic capacitors.
ECE2205 Basic Communication Engineering Credit Hours: 3.00
Principles of communication system: Basic constituents of communication system. Need for using high carrier frequency, Classification of RF spectrum.
Noise: Classification of noise, Addition of noise due to several sources, Signal to noise ratio, Noise figure.
Modulation theory: Definition, AM, FM. Mathematical expression of AM, FM signals. Comparison of FM and AM, Pre-emphasis.
De-emphasis. Wide band FM and narrow band FM. Stereophonic FM multiplex system.
Modulation/Demodulation methods: Linear modulation, Square law modulation. DSBSC and SSB modulators, Demodulators, Diode detector and balanced modulators and demodulators, FM modulation using VCO, FM demodulation using the phase locked loop, ratio detector and discriminators, Transmitter, Receiver.
Radar: Basic principles, Radar equation, Factors influencing maximum range, Effect of noise, frequencies used in radar, Types of radar, basic pulsed radar system, Modulators, Transmitter, Receivers, Band width requirements, Factors governing pulsed characteristics, Duplexer, Moving target indicator, Tracking radar systems and search systems.
Telephony: Introduction, Transmitter and receiver, Switching system: Electromechanical switching, Electronic switching, Telephone networks, Telephone tones, Establishment of a call, Telephone traffic theory, Multiplexing, Telephone channels, Carrier telephony, Digital telephone system, Modems, Stored program control (SPC) telephone exchange, SDA system.
ECE2206 Basic Communication Engineering Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
Whilst undertaking these activities successful students of the program will have been required to demonstrate an ability to Execute experiments in a laboratory safely (BM), Use laboratory equipment to generate and test systems and designs as well as provide data (BM), Analyze experimental results and determine their validity (BM), Use computational tools and packages (BM), Produce electrical and electronic technical drawings, Write technical reports, Give technical presentations Use scientific literature effectively.
ECE2207 Signals and Linear Systems Credit Hours : 3.0
Classification of signals and systems: Time Invariant (LTI) systems; Time domain analysis of LTI systems; Frequency domain analysis of LTI systems; Applications of time and frequency domain analyses; Laplace transformation; Introduction to Random signals.
ECE3101 Digital Electronics and Logic Design Credit Hours: 3.0
Number Systems: Representation of numbers in different bases, Addition, Subtraction in different bases, Base compliment, Subtraction using Complements, Binary Multiplication and Division Binary codes and Simplification of Boolean Functions: Different Code Systems, Boolean algebra, V<arious gates, Sum of product, Product of sum, Maxterm, Minterm, Standard and Canonical form and other Logical Operations, Karnaugh map Method, Tabular method of simplification.
Implementation of Logic Circuits using various Gates: NOR, NAND, AND, OR, INVERT Implementation, Diode Logic Gates, Transistor switches, Transistor Gates, MOS Gates, Logic families: TTL, ECL, IIL and CMOS Logic with operation details. Combinational Logic Circuits: Design procedure, Adder, Subtractor, Code Converters, Parity Bit Checker etc. Analysis of Combinational circuit and its Truth Table, Encoder, decoder, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, ROM and PLA. Introduction: Diode logic gates, Transistor switches, Transistor gates, MOS gates. Logic Families: TTL, ECL, IIL and CMOS logic with operation details, Propagation delay, Product and noise immunity, Open collector and high impedance gates, Electronic circuits for flip-flops, Counters and register, Memory systems, PLAs, A/D and D/A converters with applications, S/H circuits, LED, LCD and optically coupled oscillators, Non-linear applications of OP AMPs, Analog switches. Flip-Flops: SR, JK, Master slave, T and D type Flip-Flops and their truth tables. Sequential Circuits: Introduction to Sequential Circuits, analysis and Synthesis of Synchronous sequential Circuits. Counters: Classifications, Synchronous and asynchronous Counter design and Analysis, Ring Counter, Jonson Counter, Counter with Parallel Load. Registers: Classifications, Shift Register, Transfer Register, Circular registers and their applications, registers with Parallel Load.
Converters: Digital to Analog (D/A) and Analog to digital (A/D) Converters and application
ECE3102 Digital Electronics and Logic Design Lab Credit Hours : 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE3101. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE3101
ECE 3103 Data Communication Credit Hours : 3.00
Data Overview: Introduction, A Communication Model, and Data Communication.
Data Transmission and Communication: Concepts and Terminology, Analog and Digital Data Transmission, Transmission impairments, Channel Capacity, Terrestrial and satellite minor axis, radio waves, VSAT, RJ-11and RJ-45 standard connectors, NIC, HUB, bridge, router, ADSL and ISDN modems.
Signal Encoding Technique: Digital data, Digital signal Digital data, Analog signal Analog data, Digital signal Analog data, Analog signal, Data and signal, Manchester encoding, ASK, FSK, PSK encoding, Echo cancellation, Quantization, Digital Data communication Technique: Asynchronous and synchronous transmission, Types of error, error detection, error correction, line configuration and interfacing
Data Link Control: Flow control, error control, and high-level data link control
Multiplexing: Frequency division multiplexing, Time division multiplexing (Synchronous and statistical), symmetric digital subscriber line, xDSL
Circuit Switching, Packet Switching, ATM: Switching networks, Circuit switching concepts, Circuit switching network, control signaling, Soft-switch architecture, packet switching principle.
ECE 3105 Electronic Communication Credit Hours : 3.0
Need for Communication, Basic constituents of communication system, Analogue, Digital, Periodic and Aperiodic signal, Classification of RF spectrum. Importance of modulation, signals in the modulation process, Continuous – wave and pulse modulation, AM, FM, Pre-emphasis, de-emphasis, wide band and narrow band FM, Stereophonic FM multiplex system. Linear and square law modulation, Sideband modulation, VSB and angle modulation, modulators and demodulators, transmitter and receiver.
Digital telephone system, protocol, circuit and packet switching system, network devices, network topologies, telephone networks, telephone tones, call establishment, telephone traffic theory, multiplexing. Effect of noise, types of noise, signal to noise ratio, noise figure,
noise temperature, addition of noise due to several sources, transmission lines and lumped Components receiver architecture.
Classification of radio transmitters, radio broadcast transmitters, radio telephone transmitters, volume compressor, peak clipper, VODAS, radio telegraph transmitters, basic functions of AM receivers, principle of super heterodyne receiver, tone and tuning control, noise limiter, privacy devices in radio telephony, fm receivers, antennas.
Elements of a television system, analysis and synthesis of television system, the picture tube, television camera tubes, basic television broadcasting, television receiver, Essentials of color television.
ECE 3106 Electronic Communication Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
To study the second order active low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject filters.
To study the different kinds of RF oscillators.
To study the AM modulators.
To study the AM demodulators.
To study the DSB-SC and SSB modulators.
To study the DSB-SC and SSB demodulators.
To study the FM modulators.
To study the FM demodulators.
To study the TDM multiplexers.
To study the TDM demultiplexers.
To study the FDM multiplexers.
To study the FDM demultiplexers.
To study the analog to digital converter.
To study the digital to analog converter.
ECE3107 Cellular Mobile Communication Credit Hours: 3.00
Introduction to code divisions Multiple Access (CDMA), Basic concepts, Spread spectrum, DS (Direct sequence) spread spectrum, Reverse link DSCDMA, forward link DS-CDMA, Cellular systems, GSM, AMPS, Cellular digital packet data. CDMA Air links: Pilot channel, Synchronous channel, Paging channel, Traffic channel, Free space propagation, Propagation model, Multi path propagation, Propagation environment, Marine environment.
Historical developments of Mobile Telephony, Trunking efficiency, Propagation criteria, mobile ratio environment, Elements of cellular radio system design, Specifications, Channel capacity, Cell coverage for signal and traffic, Mobile propagation models and fading models, Interference effects, Power control, Mobile switching and traffic, Mobile switching system and its subsystems, Mobile communication protocols.
Satellite Communication: Introduction, Types of Satellites, Orbits, Station keeping, Satellite altitude, Transmission path, Path losses, Noise considerations, Satellite systems, Saturation flux density, Effective isotropic radiated power, Multiple access methods.
ECE 3109 Measurement and Instrumentation Credit Hours: 3.0
Introduction: Applications, functional elements of a measurement system and classification of instruments. Measurement of electrical quantities: Current and voltage, power and energy measurement, Current and potential transformer. Transducers: mechanical, electrical and optical. Measurement of non-electrical quantities: Temperature, pressure, flow, level, strain, force and torque. Basic elements of DC and AC signal conditioning: Instrumentation amplifier, noise and source of noise, noise elimination compensation, function generation and linearization, A/D and D/A converters, sample and hold circuits.
Data Transmission and Telemetry: Methods of data transmission, DC/AC telemetry system and digital data transmission, Recording and display devices, Data acquisition system and microprocessor applications in instrumentation.
ECE 3201 Digital Communication Credit Hours: 3.0
Introduction: Concepts of digital communication, elements of digital communication system. Pulse Modulation: Sampling process -PAM- other forms of pulse modulation -Bandwidth – Noise trade off -Quantization -PCM- Noise considerations in PCM Systems-TDM- Digital multiplexers-Virtues, Limitation and modification of PCM-Delta modulation -Linear prediction -differential pulse code modulation – Adaptive Delta Modulation. Baseband Pulse Transmission: Matched Filter- Error Rate due to noise -Intersymbol Interference – Nyquist’s criterion for Distortionless Base band Binary Transmission- Correlative level coding -Baseb and M-ary PAM transmission -Adaptive Equalization -Eye patterns
Passband Data Transmission: Introduction – Pass band Transmission model- Generation, Detection, Signal space diagram, bit error probability and Power spectra of BPSK, QPSK, FSK and MSK schemes -Differential phase shift keying – Comparison of Digital modulation systems using a single carrier – Carrier and symbol synchronization.
Spread Spectrum Modulation: Pseudo- noise sequences -a notion of spread spectrum – Direct sequence spread spectrum with coherent binary phase shift keying – Signal space Dimensionality and processing gain -Probability of error – Frequency -hop spread spectrum -Maximum length and Gold codes.
ECE3202 Digital Communication lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE3201. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE3201
ECE 3205 Digital Signal Processing Credit Hours: 3.0
Discrete-time Signals and systems: signal representation, concept of filters, convolution, stability and causality, random signals (correlation, power spectrum). DTFT: Power density spectrum, Relationship to Z transform, The Cepstrum, Concept of bandwidth, Frequency range of natural signals, Properties of DTFT, The Wiener-Khintchine theorem. The z Transform: uses, definitions, region of convergence, inverse z transform, linearity, shift, convolution, multiplication, complex conjugation, Parseval’s relation. Input-Output Relationships: system function, poles and zeros, frequency response, filter examples, state variables. Discrete-Time Networks: signal flow graphs, cascade and parallel networks, transpose networks, stability, linear phase, more filter examples. Linear wave shaping: Diode wave shaping techniques, Clipping and Clamping circuits, Comparator circuits, Switching circuits, Pulse transformers, Pulse transmission, Pulse generation, Monostable, bistable and astable Multivibrators, Schmitt trigger, Blocking oscillators and time-base circuit, Timing circuits, Simple voltage sweeps, Linear current sweeps. Sampling of Signals: Nyquist theorem, aliasing, D/A conversion, ideal sampling/reconstruction, real-world systems (prefilters, quantization, postfilters), Discrete-time decimation and interpolation; Interpolation and Decimation: Seen as a filter design problem, role of FIR filters. Discrete Fourier Transform: definition, properties, zero padding, linear convolution, leakage, windows; FFT Algorithms: decimation in time, real-valued data, radix 4 FFT, prime factor algorithms, 2-dimensional DFT, Fast Convolution, Convolution of long sequence, Overlap add and Overlap save method. IIR Filters: mathematical structure, Impulse Invariance, Bilinear Transform, design by transformation, Butterworth, Chebyshev, Cauer designs, recursive implementations, ladderand lattice structures. FIR Filters: mathematical structure, filter design by pole/zero placement, design by windowing , Parks-McClellan algorithm, frequency-domain design, non-recursive implementations, 2D filters. Use of DSP in Radar: complex signals, 2-dimensional signals, matched filtering, fast convolution, side-lobe control,
Applications in medical imaging (CT, MRI), Speech processing.
ECE3206 Digital Signal Processing Lab Credit Hours: 0.75
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE3205. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE3205
ECE 3207 Microprocessor and Assembly Language Credit Hours : 3.0
Introduction: Microprocessors, a historical background, Evolution of microprocessor, Digital computers, Microcomputer organization and its operation, Microprocessors’ Internal operational units and Operation, Microprocessor with a computer system, Number systems. Microprocessor’s Architecture: 8086 mP, Internal architecture, Programming model, different purpose registers, their functions, operating modes, Clock circuitry, Address, Data and Control connections. Addressing modes: data addressing modes, program memory addressing modes, stack memory addressing modes and I/O addressing modes. Instructions and Implementation: Data definition and transfer, Arithmetic and logic Instructions, character representation instructions, Logic shift and rotate instructions and some examples, Flow control instructions: Jump, Call, Interrupt instructions and others miscellaneous instructions. Subroutine: definition of subroutine, Calling, Parameter passing and recursion. Macros: definition of Macros, Macro operators, Advance macros usage. Dos file functions: Test file, Bit file and file manipulations.
Assembly Language and programming: Machine and assembly languages-Necessity and applications, Elements of assembly languages, Expression and operators, Statements, Formats, Machine Instructions, constructions of machine code, segment override prefix, assembler directives and some examples of 8086 assembly language program. 8086 Hardware Specifications: Some input-output basic characteristics of a digital logic ICs and 8086 microprocessor, the pin configuration of 8086 microprocessor in minimum and maximum modes, Pin connections and functions, Clock generator(8284A), Operation and function of clock generator, Bus buffering and latching, Bus timing, Read and Write timing. Memory and I/O Interface: Memory map, Address decoding, Memory interfacing to microprocessor, types of I/O, Modes and conditions of data transfer, , mP controlled data transfer, Peripheral device control data transfer, data transfer with handshaking, Basic interface concepts, Interfacing I/O devices, Interfacing output displays, Interfacing input keyboard, 8086 serial I/O line. Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI) (8255), programming the 8255, Programmable Interval Timer (PIT)(8254), programming the 8254, DMA connection and operation. Application of Microprocessors: Case study from temperature monitoring system, Close loop process control, Digital Analytical Instruments Data acquisition system, I/O device control, Introduction to other mP (8088, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium), Communication Applications and Protocols.
ECE3208 Microprocessor and Assembly Language Lab Credit Hours : 0.75
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE3206. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE3206
ECE 3209 Microwave Engineering and Antenna Engineering Credit Hours : 3.0
Introduction: Review of Basic Electromagnetics, An introduction to the design and analysis of active and passive radio frequency and microwave circuits.
Transmission lines: Voltage and current in ideal transmission lines, reflection, transmission, standing wave, impedance transformation, Smith chart, impedance matching and lossy transmission lines.
Waveguides: general formulation, modes of propagation and losses in parallel plate, rectangular and circular waveguides. Microwave Tubes and Semiconductor Devices: Generation of UHF by triodes and their limitations, Klystrons, Reflex klystron, Magnetron and other devices, Impact Advanced Transit Time (IMPACT) diode, Gunn diode, Microwave transistors. Microwave Link: Microwave link and its advantages, Frequency assignment and modulation methods, Transmitting and receiving equipment, Base band repeater, IF repeater, Microwave carrier supply, Auxiliary channels and Microwave antennas. UHF Transmission Line: Introduction and Characteristics, Impedance matching, Different terminating condition, Resonant line, Delay line, Standing wave impedance diagram, Smith chart and its application.
Microwave Components: Cavity resonators, Resonator, Directional coupler, Resonator for optical systems, Attenuator, Isolator, and Circulator.
Microstrips: Structures and characteristics. Rectangular resonant cavities: Energy storage, losses and Q.
Radiation: Small current element, radiation resistance, radiation pattern and properties, Hertzian and half wave dipoles.
Microwave Networks and Impedance Matching, Smith Chart, S-Matrix, ABCD Matrix, Transformers Microwave Filters, Active RF Components, Matching networks to active components, Microwave Amplifier Design, Microwave Systems Microwave Integrated Circuits (MIC), RF Micro electromechanical System (MEMS) Components, RF Components for Wireless Systems, RF Components for Ultra-Wideband Systems
Microwave Measurement: Power measurement, Attenuation measurement, VWSR and Q measurement.
ECE3210 Microwave Engineering and Antenna Engineering Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE3209. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE3209
ECE 4101 Control Systems Credit Hours: 3.0
Introduction to control systems. Linear system models: transfer function, block diagram and signal flow graph (SFG). State variables: SFG to state variables, transfer function to state variable and state variable to transfer function. Feedback control system: Closed loop systems, parameter sensitivity, transient characteristics of control systems, effect of additional pole and zero on the system response and system types and steady state error. Routh stability criterion.
Analysis of feedback control system: Root locus method and frequency response method. Design of feedback control system: Controllability and observability, root locus, frequency response and state variable methods.
Digital control systems: introduction, sampled data systems, stability analysis in Z-domain.
ECE4102 Control Systems Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE4101. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE4101.
ECE4103 Telecommunication and Switching Credit Hours: 3
Introduction and historic overview: ancient modes of telecommunication — signal fires, drums and semaphores; Shannon’s diagrammatic model of communication processes; information and uncertainty; the statistical nature of information sources; representations of information; analog and digital communication; the role of perception in the communication process
Wire telegraphy: an introduction to basic electrical concepts — voltage, current, resistance and capacitance; liquid models of electric current flow; electrostatic telegraphic transmitters and receivers; electromagnetism — Oersted and Faraday; electromagnetic telegraphic transmitters and receivers; analog and digital telegraphy; simple alpha-numeric codes; physical limitations on data transmission rates; telegraph/teletype store and forward systems; duplex and quaduplex transmission — a means of sharing of scarce communication resources; the seminal harmonic telegraph.
Telephones and phonographs: sound and hearing — the characteristics of auditory information; temporal and spectral representations of auditory signals; analog telephony and recording; telephonic and phonographic transmitters and receivers; frequency (FDM) and time (TDM) multiplexing; the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem; harmonic oscillators; frequency filtering — an important example of information transformation; models and characteristics of speech.
Wireless (radio) telegraphy and telephony: more on electromagnetism — Maxwell and Hertz; understanding how electromagnetic disturbances propagate; characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum; early radio transmitters and receivers; the encoding and multiplexing of electromagnetic signals; modulation formats — AM, FM, PM, ASK, FSK, PSK etc.; radio broadcasting systems.
Video communication: light and vision — the characteristics of visual information; representations of visual or pictorial information; comparison of conventional analog TV and alternative formats; video bandwidth requirements; video compression as another important example of information transformation; video recording.
Evolution of analog (telephone) networks: an introduction to circuit switching concepts; architecture of telephone switches; the hierarchical structure of telephone networks; time multiplexing; analog-to-digital conversion and evolution from FDM to TDM; PCM telephone systems.
The new look of wireless communication: communication satellites; portable radio communication — cordless telephones; beepers, cellular telephones, and personal communication services in general; radio frequency identification.
Fiber optics: an introduction to the physics and technology of lightwave communication in general; fiber optics — a communication channel of, essentially, limitless capacity.
Digital (data) networks: an introduction to store-and-forward switching concepts; packet switched networks; network architectures and protocols; high data rate networks; vanishing distinction between communication and computation.
ECE4104 Telecommunication and Switching Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
- Laboratory exercise. Analysis of RS-232 interface.
- Laboratory exercise. Analysis of ARP protocol.
- Laboratory exercise. Analysis of STP protocol.
- Laboratory exercise. Analysis of VLAN technology.
ECE4105 Semiconductor Physics and Devices Credit Hours : 3.0
Overview: the structure and growth of crystals, the energy band model for elemental and compound semiconductors, electronic and optical properties of semiconductors, electroluminescence and photoluminescence, the semiconductor in equilibrium. Lattice vibration: Simple harmonic model, dispersion relation, acoustic and optical phonons. Band structure: Isotropic and anisotropic crystals, band diagrams and effective masses of different semiconductors and alloys. Scattering theory: Review of classical theory, Fermi-Golden rule, scattering rates of different processes, scattering mechanisms in different semiconductors, mobility. Different carrier transport models: Drift-diffusion theory, bipolar transport, hydrodynamic model, Boltzman transport equations, quantum mechanical model, simple applications, Carrier concentration, carrier transport phenomena in semiconductors, continuity equation, origin of bands and band theory of solids, Hall effect, MOSFET: depletion and enhancement type n- and p-channels. Optoelectronics: characteristics and applications of optoelectronics, solar cells, phototransistors, LEDs, Construction and basic characteristics of solar cells, opto-couplers, high-frequency semiconductor devices, wave mechanics, time-dependent and time-independent Schrödinger wave equation and one-dimensional potential structures., Fundamentals underlying optical and electronic devices.
ECE 4107 VLSI Technology Credit Hours: 3.0
VLSI technology: Top down design approach, technology trends and design styles. Review of MOS transistor theory: Threshold voltage, body effect, I-V equations and characteristics, latch-up problems, NMOS inverter, CMOS inverter, pass-transistor and transmission gates. CMOS circuit characteristics and performance estimation: Resistance, capacitance, rise and fall times, delay, gate transistor sizing and power consumption. CMOS circuit and logic design: Layout design rules and physical design of simple logic gates. CMOS subsystem design: Adders, multiplier and memory system, arithmetic logic unit. Programmable logic arrays, I/O systems, VLSI testing. Unit steps used in IC Technology: Wafer cleaning, photo-lithography, wet and dry etching, oxidation and diffusion, ion implantation, CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly silicon, silicon nitride and silicon di-oxide, Metallization and passivation. Special techniques for modern processes: self-aligned silicides, shallow junction formation, nitride oxides etc. Process flows for CMOS and bipolar IC processes. Introduction to process, device, circuit logic and timing simulation, Hardware description languages for high level design.
ECE4108 VLSI Technology lab Credit Hours: 1.5
This course consists of two part. In first part student will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE4107. In second part, students will design systems using the principles learned in ECE4108
ECE4109 Optical Fiber Communication Credit Hours: 3.00
Optical fiber: Introduction, Structure, Step index and graded index fibers, Modes of propagation.
Signal degradation in optical fibers: Attenuation, signal distortion, pulses broadening mode coupling.
Optical sources: LED, Laser diodes light source linearity modal partition and reflection noise.
Power lunching and coupling: source to fiber power lunching Lansing scheme, fiber to fibber join, splicing fiber connectors.
Photo detectors: basic principles, photo-detectors noise, response time, avalanche multiplication noise.
Optical receiver operations: receiver configurations, digital receiver Performance preamplifiers. Digital translation systems: point to point link, line coding, eye pattern, system Performances.
Advanced systems and techniques: WDM, local area networks, optical amplifier, phonic switching.
ECE4110 Optical Fiber Communication Lab Credit Hours: 1.5
Fiber optics at the beginning.
Application of fiber optics.
Light sources of fiber optics.
Light and optical fiber interaction.
Fiber optics Transmitter
Fiber optics receiver.
Fiber optics network and expand.
Fiber optics connectors and fiber polishing.
Data transmission-one module.
Data transmission-module to module.
Data transmission- PC to module.
Data transmission- module to PC.
CVSD data transmission.
ASK data transmission.
PSK/QPSK data transmission.
ECE 4200 Thesis/Project Credit Hours: 4.0
The course is a challenging opportunity to pursue independently an individual project and is likely to require extended effort. The two units together normally include a preparatory literature survey and developmental work such as design, construction and programming. Students choose a project that interests them, and are assigned to a team of two supervising staff members. The course designed to give students the experience of tackling a real problem and presenting their achievement; to search for prior knowledge; to learn to apply safety considerations to all actions
and to present results in writing and in person. The course is divided into two semester: 1 credit, 2 hours/week for 11th semester and 3 credits, 6 hours/week for 12th semester.
ECE4201 Remote Sensing Technology Credit Hours: 3.00
History and Scope of Remote Sensing, Electromagnetic Radiation, Photographic Sensors, Digital Data, Image Interpretation, Land Observation Satellites, Active Microwave and Thermal Radiation, Image Resolution and Preprocessing, Image Classification and Field Data, Accuracy Assessment, Hyperspectual Remote Sensing, Plant Sciences, Earth Sciences, Land Use, and Land Cover, Global Remote Sensing, Engineering Applications, Urban-Industrial Applications.
ECE4201 Remote Sensing Technology Credit Hours: 3.00
Introduction to Radar technology, Continuous pulsed radar, General study of pulse radar, Radar performance factor, Free space radar equation,
Radar transmitting systems, the switches, charging methods, Gap modulator, power amplifier modulator, driver circuits, line controlled blocking oscillator driver, power amplifier, radar receivers, duplexer, Auto tracking radars.
Introduction to Satellite system, International Regulation and satellite service, General structure of a satellite communication systems, Merits and
drawbacks of satellite communication Introduction, Active and passive satellites, Digital satellite communication, modem and codec, Communication satellite subsystems, Satellite antenna radiation patterns, link models, link budget.
Elective Course- I
ECE4207 Biomedical Instrumentation Credit Hours: 3.0
Human body: Cells and physiological systems. Bioelectricity: genesis and characteristics. Measurement of bio-signals: Ethical issues, transducers, amplifiers and filters. Electrocardiogram: electrocardiography, phono cardiograph, vector cardiograph, analysis and interpretation of cardiac signals, cardiac pacemakers and defibrillator. Blood pressure: systolic, diastolic mean pressure, electronics manometer, detector circuits and practical problems in pressure monitoring. Blood flow measurement: Plethymography and electromagnetic flow meter. Measurement and interpretation: electroencephalogram, cerebral angiograph and cronical X-ray. Brain scans. Electromayogram (EMG). Tomograph: Positron emission tomography and computer tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonogram. Patient monitoring system and medical telemetry. Effect of electromagnetic fields on human body.
ECE4208 Biomedical Instrumentation Lab Credit Hours: 0.75
This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ECE-4243. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ECE-4243.
ECE4209 Robotics and Computer Vision Credit Hours: 3.00
Introduction to Robot, Robot configuration, Working envelopes and Degrees of freedom, Robot programming, Calibration of Robots, Robotics sensor, Robotic vision, Robot applications, Justification for Robots, Robots safety.
Digital Image representation, Elements of a digital Image processing system, An image model sampling and quantization, Some basic relationships between pixels, Imaging pixels, Imaging geometry, Image transformation, Image transformation, Image enhancement, Image smoothing, Image sharpening.
ECE4210 Robotics and Computer Vision Lab Credit Hours: 0.75
Students will do small programs on different C features. Review of C structures. They will also create programs with array. List, trees, graphs, stacks, queue, use of recursion, Design and implementation of sorting and searching algorithm, Time and space complexity analysis, design of efficient algorithm, implementation of divide and conquer, dynamic programming, Design and analysis of advanced sorting traversal techniques, merging, hashing techniques.
Elective Course- II
ECE4307 Antennas and Wave Propagation Hours : 3.0
Radiation Fields Of Wire Antennas: Concept of vector potential. Modification for time varying, retarded case. Fields associated with Hertzian dipole. Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element. Radiation resistance of elementary dipole with linear current distribution. Radiation from half-wave dipole and quarter-wave monopole. Assumed current distribution for wire antennas. Use of capacity hat and loading coil for short antennas.
Antenna Fundamentals: Radiation intensity. Directive gain. Directivity. Power gain. Beam Width. Band Width. Gain and radiation resistance of current element. Half-wave dipole and folded dipole. Reciprocity principle. Effective length and Effective area. Relation between gain effective length and radiation resistance.
Loop Antennas: Radiation from small loop and its radiation resistance. Radiation from a loop with circumference equal to a wavelength and resultant circular polarization on axis. Helical antenna. Normal mode and axial mode operation.
Antenna Arrays: Expression for electric field from two and three element arrays. Uniform linear array. Method of pattern multiplication. Binomial array. Use of method of images for antennas above ground. Travelling Wave (Wideband) Antennas: Radiation from a traveling wave on a wire. Analysis of Rhombic antenna. Design of Rhombic antennas.
Coupled Antennas: Self and mutual impedance of antennas. Two and three element Yagi antennas. Log periodic antenna. Reason for feeding from end with shorter dipoles and need for transposing the lines. Aperture And Lens Antennas: Radiation from an elemental area of a plane wave (Huygen’s Source). Radiation from the open end of a coaxial line. Radiation from a rectangular aperture treated as an array of Huygen’s sources. Equivalence of fields of a slot and complementary dipole. Relation between dipole and slot impedances. Method of feeding slot antennas. Thin slot in an infinite cylinder. Field on the axis of an E-Plane sectoral horn. Radiation from circular aperture. Beam Width and Effective area. Reflector type of antennas (dish antennas). Dielectric lens and metal plane lens antennas. Lumeberg lens. Spherical waves and Biconical antenna. Propagation: The three basic types of propagation; ground wave, space wave and sky wave propagation.
Sky wave propagation: Structure of the ionosphere. Effective dielectric constant of ionized region. Mechanism of refraction. Refractive index. Critical frequency. Skip distance. Effect of earth’s magnetic field. Energy loss in the ionosphere due to collisions. Maximum usable frequency. Fading and Diversity reception.
Space wave propagation: Reflection from ground for vertically and horizontally polarized waves. Reflection characteristics of earth. Resultant of direct and reflected ray at the receiver. Duct propagation. Ground wave propagation: Attenuation characteristics for ground wave propagation. Calculation of field strength at a distance.
Radio wave Propagation in Mobile Environments: Free space, Ground Reflection models, Knife-edge diffraction model & Okumura models; Indoor propagation models.
ECE4308 Antennas and Wave Propagation Lab Hours: 0.75
Students will do simulation work base on some research idea by MATLAB software. They will plot various wave and radiation patterns based on some specific parameters.
ECE4317 Wireless and MIMO Communication Credit Hours: 3.0
History of wireless communication, and future trends, Wireless Generations and Standards, Cellular Concept and Cellular System Fundamentals, Trunking Cell Splitting and Sectoring, Mobile Radio signal propagation, path loss and channel models, Large Scale Path Loss (R4), Small Scale Path Loss – Rayleigh and Rician Fading (R5), Analog Modulation Schemes for Wireless Communication-AM/FM, Digital Modulation Techniques for Wireless Communication,Preliminaries,Baseband Modulation Schemes : Matched Filter and Detection Theory, Bandpass Modulation Techniques,Fading Counteraction–Diversity, Coding and Interleaving,Source and Channel Coding,Speech Coding for Wireless Communications, Adaptive Equalization, Multipath Propagation, Doppler, Multiplexing and Multiple Access techniques, TDMA, FDMA, ALOHA – Packet Radio, Spread Spectrum-CDMA, Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum,Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI),ISI mitigation; Equalization,Random Access Protocols ,Wireless Networking ,Wireless Standards, Third generation systems and advanced topics, Wideband-CDMA, MCCDMA , OFDM principles; Comparison of OFDM and CDMA WLAN and Bluetooth, MIMO Basics, Standard MIMO Configurations, Antenna Choices for MIMO Radios, Omni Antenna Options for MIMO Systems, Body Worn Directional Antennas, Vehicle Mount Omni MIMO Antennas, Directional and Sector Infrastructure Antennas.